Ancient Greek Architecture Facts

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The Greeks have ruled the architectural world by giving it some great marvels. The Hellenic people indeed have brought the heaven down in their architectural pieces. Most of their works included the greatest of the temples built in the name of Greek Gods. A combination of creativity and richness of mind, Greeks dedicated their architectural impulse in the making of public buildings. The Hellenistic period provides some of the best and most distinctive structures in the form of not only temples but also theatre and stadia which once were the staple features of the old cities and towns. The simplicity, harmony, and perspective in Greek architecture have been a foundation of Roman architecture as well. The Greek architects of the bygone age strove for the excellence and precision of artistry which indeed are the hallmarks of Greek art. To get some more insights of the alluring architecture read below about the ten ancient Greek structures-,

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Greek architects provided some of the finest and most distinctive buildings in the entire Ancient World and some of their structures, such as temples, theatres, and stadia, would become staple features of towns and cities from antiquity onwards. In addition, the Greek concern with simplicity, proportion, perspective, and harmony in their buildings would go on to greatly influence architects in the Roman world and provide the foundation for the classical architectural orders which would dominate the western world from the Renaissance to the present day., There are five orders of classical architecture - Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite - all named as such in later Roman times. Greek architects created the first three and hugely influenced the latter two which were composites rather than genuine innovations. An order, properly speaking, is a combination of a certain style of column with or without a base and an entablature (what the column supports: the architrave, frieze, and cornice). The earlier use of wooden pillars eventually evolved into the Doric column in stone. This was a vertical fluted column shaft, thinner at its top, with no base and a simple capital below a square abacus. The entablature frieze carried alternating triglyphs and metopes. The Ionic order, with origins in mid-6th century BCE Asia Minor, added a base and volute, or scroll capital, to a slimmer, straighter column. The Ionic entablature often carries a frieze with richly carved sculpture. The Corinthian column, invented in Athens in the 5th century BCE, is similar to the Ionic but topped by a more decorative capital of stylized acanthus and ...

Propylaea is the name given to monumental gates or entranceways to a specific space, usually to a temple or religious complex and as such they acted as a symbolic partition between the secular and religious parts of a city. Less complex examples with a single entrance are known as a propylon. Propylaea were a feature of Minoan architecture in 17th century BCE Crete (e.g. at Ayia Triada) and Mycenaean architecture in the 14th century BCE (e.g. at Tiryns). In Classical Greece a monumental Propylon provided the entrance to the sanctuary at Olympia but the most famous and best preserved example of this type of structure is the magnificent Propylaea of the acropolis of Athens., The Propylaea of Athens was built as part of Pericles great rebuilding programme for Athens in c. 437 BCE and was designed as a monumental entrance to the plateau of the acropolis and the great temple to Athena, the Parthenon. The project was begun as the Parthenon neared completion and was supervised by the architect Mnesicles (or Mnesikles) who managed to overcome the difficulties of incorporating the structure into the existing architecture of the Athena Nike bastion and the precinct of Artemis Brauronia and the differences in elevation of the chosen site. Work was suspended in 431 BCE following the opening stages of the Peloponnesian War but in fact was never resumed. However, the major parts of Mnesicles vision had fortunately been realised.


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